What is GHB?
GHB is short for 4-hydroxybutanoic acid. It has also another name which is sodium oxybate. This name is used when GHB is utilized for medicinal purposes. It’s a natural substance that’s found in wine, small citrus fruits and most animals including humans wherein it’s present in the central nervous system.
The first reported successful GHB synthesis occured in 1874 and was done by Alexander Mikhaylovich Zaitsev – a Russian chemist. But it wasn’t until the 1960s when a research was done to study its use in humans. The study was conducted by Dr. Henri Laborit and with his findings, several benefits were revealed especially with the minimal side-effects.
This led to its rise in popularity when European countries started using it to aid sleeping and childbirth. However, its popularity in the medical community plummeted when better drugs were developed and the potential for abuse was revealed. But quickly, enterprising individuals found another reason for selling as it was marketed and sold as an aphrodisiac especially in smartshops around the Netherlands. Authorities and regulators quickly took notice and it’s now illegal in a lot of countries while it remains regulated in countries like Canada, US, Europe and Australia.
Nowadays, it’s classified as a Schedule I drug.
What Slang Names Is GHB Known As?
These are the most popular slang names for the drug:
- Liquid ecstasy
- Grievous bodily harm
- Georgia home boy
- Gamma G
- Blue nitro
What Effects Does GHB Have?
If not abused, there are actually a lot of good effects. This includes relaxation and decreased anxiety. There are also a lot of bodybuilders who use the drug. They swear that it helps in building muscles and burning fats. The problems arise when taken with other drugs like alcohol. This can lead to difficulty breathing, decreased control of the muscles and nausea. It’s also notorious for its withdrawal effects that include tremors, anxiety and insomnia.
Long-term abuse can lead to death. Due to its sedative effects, users may get knocked out when the drug is abused. This is why it’s also a notorious “date rape drug”. In addition to these effects, heavy users may also experience hallucinations, amnesia and difficulty speaking.
Who Makes GHB?
Since making GHB involves the use of chemicals, chemists are the ones best-equipped to make GHB. However, it’s important to note that just about anyone who’s determined enough can make homemade GHB provided that he has the basic knowledge of the chemicals involved.
More and more people are making it with the intention of selling it to the public since it’s a lucrative business.
Where is GHB Made?
According to a joint intelligence bulletin made by the Department of Justice and the National Drug Intelligence Center, the drug is mostly made in illegal laboratories all over the world. Sources also revealed that it’s produced in most regions of the US with areas like the Midwest, Central and South Florida, North Texas, Nevada, Rocky Mountain and Oregon established as “High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas”. Source: http://www.justice.gov/ndic/pubs10/10331/index.htm
What is GHB Made From?
The main ingredient for the drug is GBL or Gamma Butyrolactone. It’s a perfectly legal substance that has a lot of legal uses. It’s often found in nail polish, wheel cleaning and floor cleaning products. You would also need sodium hydroxide if you want to make GHB.
How to Make GHB?
Making GHB involves adding a specific amount of sodium hydroxide to a specific amount of GBL. Warm water is then added in order for the solution to react. Sometimes, heat is added to encourage reaction. The solution that reacted will then be heated until it boils. Afterwards, it’s left to sit overnight. Once you have achieved a pH of in between 8.0 and 9.5, you now have GHB.
“Warning: GBL is sometimes called 1,4 butyrolactone, This is NOT the same thing as 1,4 butandiol (AKA butylene glycol, tetramethylene glycol, ProG). Trying to make GHB using 1,4 butandiol and NaOH is not possible and the reaction won’t happen!!! If you attempt this you will have a solution of dangerously high pH. 1,4 butandiol has also been known to cause kidney problems, I recommend avoiding 1,4 butandiol.” Source: http://ghb.0catch.com/
What Does GHB Look Like?
It’s often in the liquid form and it looks exactly like water. It also smells and tastes like water. This is why it’s a favorite drug of predators since their victims won’t know that they’re drinking a date rape drug. Sometimes, it’s turned into a white powder that is packed into capsules.
When in pure powder form, a standard dose is something around 1 to 2.5 g. Anything from that to 4.0 g is already considered as a strong dose. It’s also important to note that predators often use a dose that’s around 3 to 5 g. since it induces heavy sleep. Taking anything more than that puts users at risk of an overdose while anything higher than 10 g. can lead to death.
It’s different if it’s in liquid form since the strength and intensity varies greatly. This is why it’s advisable to settle for a very low dose when trying it for the first time.
How is GHB Taken?
Because of its water-like qualities, it’s usually taken orally by adding it to beverages.
Where is GHB taken?
It’s usually taken in parties. This is why it has a slang name of “liquid E”. It’s also rarely taken alone because of the side-effects. When taken at home, it’s advisable to be in the company of friends.